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Urban Ravine

Uban Ravine

Sverre Fehn of Kongberg had the philosophy that only through manifestation of the contemporary can we get the past on the table. This was the motivation behind the proposal. Kongsberg’s transition from industrial city to a technological and knowledge hub will be founded in the balance between the combination of nature, the city, and historical resources

Project information
Responsible partners: Ole Schrøder and Flemming Rafn Thomsen
Design team:
Mónica Galiana, Anna Sissela Michalsdotter, Joan M. Rasmussen, Jakub Włodarczyk and Hans H. Bærholm
Project:
 KKP – Knowledge- and Culture square, Kongsberg
Client: Kongsberg Municipality and Bolten Eiendom AS
Colloboration: DISSING+WEITLING and Ljøterud Ødegård Architects
Location: Kongsberg, Norge
Project period: 2012
Type: Prequalified competition
Status: Completed

Kongsberg has always been connected to their natural resources. In 1623 silver was discovered and the year after Christian the 4th founded Konningsberg. Over the next 335 years, 1,3 million kroner in pure silver was collected throughout the more than 1.000 kilometers of mine shafts. The many visits from the royal family, wealth, nature, cultural life, hard work and the comprehensive history, is unique and creates a special atmosphere around the project. .

LOCALITY
Kongsberg is known for its unique location, between a green meadow and continuous ice age landscape, with large fluctuations in the topography. The scale and density of the city, the hipped roofs, and the visible historical context are just some of the traces, that are essential to create a natural basis for a further development of Kongsberg Kunnskab and Culture square. Kongsberg must be developed with an understanding of its past. The vision is to build in the new neighborhood where one does not have to choose one thing over the other

,but you have it all, space to work, free time, green urban spaces, and dynamic urban life -historical traditions combined with visions of the futureContemporary planning is different from the modernistic idea of the master plan, that is impervious to outside factors. The reality is that a city is a gordian knot of complex and hidden relationships and planning must therefore be multidisciplinary. This project is developed as a dynamic planning tool and with a focus on how the different neighborhood’s inherent qualities and potentials.
  
NATURE
The landscape at Kongsberg Kunnskabs- og Culture square has characteristics of an urban ravine. We typically experience a ravine as a V-shaped valley, caused by water erosion on the side of a mountain or on a slope. A ravine is characterized by the strong relationship between waters current, the terrain, planting, and the spatial flow. The inside of a ravine is boring. In the future, the spatial matrix, created by the buildings volume, stone placement, and urban space will be experienced as one landscape sequence through Kunnskaps and the culture square in Kongsberg.

Kongsberg is characterized by its relatively small scale. The majority of the old city centers are one to two levels, besides the church and the city hall. The most characteristic feature of Kongsberg is the dramatic topography that adds variation and experiences in urban space. We therefore propose that Kongsberg’s scale remain the same, as well as in profile, robustness, and in connection to development of KKP. This means that the profiles of the buildings may vary, but not the height.


THE WHOLE
We think that KKP must contain a robust holistic plan, that can withstand changes in the economy and changes in architectural styles and ideals. It is important that a plan is developed on the basis of a clear master plan and not based on individual projects or master pieces. The plan must be able to be adaptable for future needs in a holistic local character and contains concrete interventions that connects the cities public and recreational spaces. The project is created based on the existing area’s structure and an understanding of the diversity and heterogeneity present. Innovation arises from a new neighborhood that naturally melts into the existing context.   

Where innovative architecture meets the traces of the past. We do not believe in solitary, landmark buildings. We believe in urban planning that offers Kongsberg quality and substance in everyday life- that the city can maintain its position as a ‘knowledge and culture city’ because of its proximity to nature and its industrious past. ‘Veven’ is the neighborhood made of the quadratic plan of the 1600’s. The building’s structure lies in an east-west grid that connects to the KKP’s physical concept, that arises from the unique outdoor spaces and meeting places. Ravinen will be composed of buildings and open space in a varied structure, which shifts between order and diversity.

IDENTITY
Instead of the modernist considerations of the ideal city or building, we wish to keep as much of the existing city that has potential usages, and can create identifying elements with architectural qualities. The combination of the connected and diverse can add to the holistic feeling of the project. We propose that historically important buildings and their functions are maintained. It is not just about sustainability, but also about identity and historical value. It is about reinterpreting and staging the historical environment, creating traces and interesting urban landscapes with specific natural power- and are about the past and the future. Buildings that are formed as individual monoliths rising up from the stone foundation are the unique quality of the historic part of Kongsberg. Scale and form are based on the existing buildings, which are integrated in the structure of the new development area.

The gable motif and the facades are reimagined with a new color and materials palette to build a bridge between tradition and vision. The typology of the overall plan, creates ‘Kongberg-esque hybrids’. Instead of just mimicking the existing roof profiles, the roofs on the new buildings will be angled to maximize sunlight and the possibility to integrate solar panels on the facades and roofs. Partially to optimize and implement sustainable elements, and partially because of the desire to define the project based on the Norwegian standard for energy efficient housing. Energy usage in the old preserved buildings cannot live up to these standards and we will compensate for this in the the new buildings and their potential can reduce the average energy usage for the whole area.

DESIGN
The urban space is split into a rhombus form, where breaks and lines control the water, plantings, access, lighting, and edges. The natural topography will be used to create a variety of movement up and down the ‘fjeld’. The geometry borrows its form from the vernacular, natural stone fortifications, where the space between the slate and the natural boulders allow plants to grow and water to infiltrate. Here, digital technology and history meet and the pavement is woven into the green elements. There are openings for relaxation and a pause, and for light can penetrate to the lower levels.
ACTIVATING THE CITY
We aim to have an urban space with maximized variation that invites users in for spontaneous interactions. There is always something new to look at, a budding tree, running water, or an acquaintance you meet. The terrain varies constantly and you use your body in a different way. The user’s spatial understanding develops and the topography creates opportunities for play and or a stroll. The urban space is integrated with public health, and they are understood as one.

CLIMATE ADAPTATION
The recent challenges presented by climate change has been expensive for hundreds of thousands of residents with flooded basements and destroyed infrastructure. Kongsberg has avoided these types of extreme problems – up until now. Intelligent climate adaptation is an important part of making use of nature as a resource. We therefore manage water and make it visible.

The geometry of the urban spaces control the water, through a break in the surfaces and feed the ‘Climate Valley’s’ ecosystem for KKP. We thereby work with the changes in nature and do not add to the strain on the sewer system. Water will connect to microclimate, plant watering, transpiration, and cooling the city space to reduce the urban heat island effect.


RED GATE – CHURCH SQUARE
The square in front of the Rokoko church from 1761 is an impressive in its scale and shows how ambitious the city has been. The contemporary use for the annual jazz-concert and market days proves it still plays an important role in the city. On a daily basis, the square is used for parking, and does not contain many functions, nor does it lie on the main axis. When the bicycle and pedestrian bridge is finished it will create a city -loop and the square will be important in the larger context, creating city life. Hundreds of students, faculty, and visitors will cross the square on a daily basis and will contribute to an active urban space, especially with the completion of the Kongsberg Campus. We think of the square as the red port of in the loop that connects city, church, square and to the rest of Kongsberg.

Antoinette Meyn, from Kongsberg, wrote in ‘ Bygone time- A snapshot of time’ from 1893, that the timber for the royal home, built shortly after the city was established, was cut from where the Church square now lies. We see good reason and history to bring more biomass and diversity back to the square, so that the symbiosis between nature and culture can be strengthened. More people in the city, and the demands for qualities in the city are increasing. Developing the Church square works strategically with experience value. To change conditions and contain many experiential possibilities, is something we see as a strength and supports Kongsberg’s long-term development.


Recent Work

VISITOR CENTER NATIONAL PARK MOLS MOUNTAINS

TREDJE NATUR has created a proposal for the new visitor center at National Park Mols Mountains. The design of the new visitor center is based on the motions in the landscape

URBANPLANEN STAGE 2

Based on the human and natural qualities and resources that already exist in "Urbanplanen", TREDJE NATUR has planned the final piece of "Urbanplanen"

SVANEMØLLENS BARRACKS

TREDJE NATUR have created a new masterplan for “Svanemøllens Kaserne” with an understanding of the areas special history as its starting point

URBAN CARPET – NEW STATION IN LUND

The station at Klostergården is a visionary infrastructural project that shows how the construction of a new station can lift up and rethink an entire neighborhood in a city

MÅLØV CIRCLE

With our winning proposal Måløv Circle we have drawn a clear strategy for how to approach the continuous development of the town

KRONLØBSØEN

In the heart of Nordhavn lies the historic port of Copenhagen, Kronløbsøen. A new island rising from the harbour as an alluring mirage

NEW SPORTS HALL AT GREVE GYMNASIUM

TREDJE NATUR’s proposal for the new sports hall at Greve gymnasium is a multifunctional area. The idea is to invite the users into a place of many types of activities

GUSTAVSBERG NATURE CITY

TREDJE NATUR has together with C.F. Møller and Rambøll come up with a new holistic vision for a close sustainable Gustavsberg from the basis of the place’s original and forgotten nature.

THE FUTURE SØLUND

TREDJE NATUR and C.F. Møller wins The Future Sølund. Along with Bascon, Transsolar and Smith Innovation they draw and the project a realization.

THE ISLAND OF THE CITY

Papirøen has a unique placement in at the inner part of Copenhagen harbour. There is a lot of potential on this prime location setting the bar high on the subject of Copenhagen future city- and nature developments.

BRIDGE IN SYDHAVNEN

TREDJE NATUR have designed a proposal for a new pedestrian and cyclist bridge in Sydhavnen

CLIMATE TILE

TREDJE NATUR’s Climate Tile want to teach the world how to walk on water. In the cities adaption process and escalating density we need to rethink the individual elements

REDMOLEN TIP

TREDJE NATUR wins ambitious project on Nordhavn's best building site. On the tip of Redmolen surrounded by water on three sides, a prestige building and urban space is now in the making. 

CBS CAMPUS

CBS in the city - The city in CBS! Our dogma is about developing CBS as a campus that is integrated into the city

GREEN CLIMATE ADAPTION

TREDJE NATUR continues to build on the Copenhagen climate adaption plan, and joins the water investment with new strategies for nature, life and community in the city. 

ENGHAVEPARKEN NOW

THIRD NATURE won the climate and transformation competition for Enghaveparken! See how we have made space for 26.000 m³ stormwater management infrastructure in the park, that is in the process of becoming a preserved park. 

VINGE

Vinge is not just inspired by nature, it is a city which works with nature’s processes and creates nature.

THE BATTERY III

TREDJE NATUR's plan revives the Battery Area with green and blue elements as the central values in the neighborhood. A connecting corridor in the project becomes the neighborhood’s new hub.

CLIMATE ALLEY

We see the flowering of an artistic, scientific, socially diverse nature-city, in a tactile society where opposites are aggregated in the city’s neighborhoods.

AN EXTRODINARY CLIMATE CITY

TREDJE NATUR won 2nd place in the Middelfart Climate City competition, along with Entasis and Grontmij.

HOW | House of Water

TREDJE NATUR designs a collaborative platform presenting new solutions to future water challenges

BBA Public Swimming pool

Tredje Natur wishes to re create the Frederiksberg-esque atmosphere by transforming the BBA property to a contemporary town common 

ALMEGÅRD BARRACKS

Our winning proposal for the development of Almegård Barracks is based on a holistic, local concept where the main transformative force is found in the individual users and inherent qualities of the site.

New North Zealand Hospital

An open and natural hospital. Our proposal offers a modern hospital where the landscape meets the demands of the academic and social community.

NÆSTVED BIOMASS PLANT

The team’s approach to the assignment is based on the anatomy of the work and the site. By weaving the segments together, we create an interesting and varied building

WOLF LAND

Among the 76 submissions, Third Nature is the winner of the National Art Foundation’s open film competition. ‘WOLF LAND’ shows society’s balancing act between the everyday and the apocalyptic

HVIDOVRE HOSPITAL

In this project the team aims to improve the connection between the sensory, natural, the functional, and the technological to vitalize the surroundings that will have healing properties. 

NEW ROOTS

Holbæks Green Arena is a vision for the health facilities in Holbæk Municipality. 

RED GATE

Tredje Natur has designed two pedestrian bridges to Vestvolden. 

City Center Cloudburst strategy

TREDJE NATUR has created a vision for stormwater management in Copenhagen's city center

BBA

Tredje Natur wishes to recreate the Frederiksberg-esque atmosphere by transforming the BBA property to a contemporary town common

Common square and apartment block

Straume's city planning has a unique possibility to start off on the right foot. 

From school to common ground

The Green Climate Neighborhood of Bagsværd's prepares the city for increased rainfall, while adding new recreational opportunities.

Bright blue visions

Tredje Natur and PK3 think Copenhagen’s Harbor should be a lively, accessible, productive and recreational area in the city.

Urban Ravine

Sverre Fehn of Kongberg had the philosophy that only through manifestation of the contemporary can we get the past on the table. This was the motivation behind the proposal. 

City In Nature

‘City in Nature’ is TREDJE NATUR’s proposal for the design of the residential buildings and other buildings of the planning competition ‘City in between’ in Aalborg East.

Cultural Center at Østerbro

The Culture Center’s placement at Kildevældsparken activates the space between park and building

THE FIRST CLIMATE DISTRICT

The climate district in Østerbro shows the climate adaption of the future and the development of the existing city. 

ILB Potsdam

The vision is a bank that can generously contribute to its surroundings with a new type of urban park. The team’s proposal for the ILB Potsdam’s new headquarters will fuse with urban life, terrain, and nature. 

Reservoir

The city is flooding!  Three cloudbursts in 2011 caused approximately 5 billion kroner worth of damage to the buildings of Denmark. The climate is changing rapidly.

Urban Space

The city is becoming over grown!  The St. Kjelds Neighborhood has wide open spaces and has impressed the world with its homogeneity, spacious streets with long views and small village-like. 

Bruns Herred

The planting strategy for Humlebæk South aims to fuse several methods from the danish tradition of  building in harmony with the landscape. 

St. Kjelds Neighborhood

St. Kjelds Neighborhood has a unique possibility to avoid the type of development where inspiration is drawn from the celebrated neighborhoods, rather than looking inward to its own qualities.

Recent Work

VISITOR CENTER NATIONAL PARK MOLS MOUNTAINS

TREDJE NATUR has created a proposal for the new visitor center at National Park Mols Mountains. The design of the new visitor center is based on the motions in the landscape

URBANPLANEN STAGE 2

Based on the human and natural qualities and resources that already exist in "Urbanplanen", TREDJE NATUR has planned the final piece of "Urbanplanen"

SVANEMØLLENS BARRACKS

TREDJE NATUR have created a new masterplan for “Svanemøllens Kaserne” with an understanding of the areas special history as its starting point

URBAN CARPET – NEW STATION IN LUND

The station at Klostergården is a visionary infrastructural project that shows how the construction of a new station can lift up and rethink an entire neighborhood in a city

MÅLØV CIRCLE

With our winning proposal Måløv Circle we have drawn a clear strategy for how to approach the continuous development of the town

KRONLØBSØEN

In the heart of Nordhavn lies the historic port of Copenhagen, Kronløbsøen. A new island rising from the harbour as an alluring mirage

NEW SPORTS HALL AT GREVE GYMNASIUM

TREDJE NATUR’s proposal for the new sports hall at Greve gymnasium is a multifunctional area. The idea is to invite the users into a place of many types of activities

GUSTAVSBERG NATURE CITY

TREDJE NATUR has together with C.F. Møller and Rambøll come up with a new holistic vision for a close sustainable Gustavsberg from the basis of the place’s original and forgotten nature.

THE FUTURE SØLUND

TREDJE NATUR and C.F. Møller wins The Future Sølund. Along with Bascon, Transsolar and Smith Innovation they draw and the project a realization.

THE ISLAND OF THE CITY

Papirøen has a unique placement in at the inner part of Copenhagen harbour. There is a lot of potential on this prime location setting the bar high on the subject of Copenhagen future city- and nature developments.

BRIDGE IN SYDHAVNEN

TREDJE NATUR have designed a proposal for a new pedestrian and cyclist bridge in Sydhavnen

CLIMATE TILE

TREDJE NATUR’s Climate Tile want to teach the world how to walk on water. In the cities adaption process and escalating density we need to rethink the individual elements

REDMOLEN TIP

TREDJE NATUR wins ambitious project on Nordhavn's best building site. On the tip of Redmolen surrounded by water on three sides, a prestige building and urban space is now in the making. 

CBS CAMPUS

CBS in the city - The city in CBS! Our dogma is about developing CBS as a campus that is integrated into the city

GREEN CLIMATE ADAPTION

TREDJE NATUR continues to build on the Copenhagen climate adaption plan, and joins the water investment with new strategies for nature, life and community in the city. 

ENGHAVEPARKEN NOW

THIRD NATURE won the climate and transformation competition for Enghaveparken! See how we have made space for 26.000 m³ stormwater management infrastructure in the park, that is in the process of becoming a preserved park. 

VINGE

Vinge is not just inspired by nature, it is a city which works with nature’s processes and creates nature.

THE BATTERY III

TREDJE NATUR's plan revives the Battery Area with green and blue elements as the central values in the neighborhood. A connecting corridor in the project becomes the neighborhood’s new hub.

CLIMATE ALLEY

We see the flowering of an artistic, scientific, socially diverse nature-city, in a tactile society where opposites are aggregated in the city’s neighborhoods.

AN EXTRODINARY CLIMATE CITY

TREDJE NATUR won 2nd place in the Middelfart Climate City competition, along with Entasis and Grontmij.

HOW | House of Water

TREDJE NATUR designs a collaborative platform presenting new solutions to future water challenges

BBA Public Swimming pool

Tredje Natur wishes to re create the Frederiksberg-esque atmosphere by transforming the BBA property to a contemporary town common 

ALMEGÅRD BARRACKS

Our winning proposal for the development of Almegård Barracks is based on a holistic, local concept where the main transformative force is found in the individual users and inherent qualities of the site.

New North Zealand Hospital

An open and natural hospital. Our proposal offers a modern hospital where the landscape meets the demands of the academic and social community.

NÆSTVED BIOMASS PLANT

The team’s approach to the assignment is based on the anatomy of the work and the site. By weaving the segments together, we create an interesting and varied building

WOLF LAND

Among the 76 submissions, Third Nature is the winner of the National Art Foundation’s open film competition. ‘WOLF LAND’ shows society’s balancing act between the everyday and the apocalyptic

HVIDOVRE HOSPITAL

In this project the team aims to improve the connection between the sensory, natural, the functional, and the technological to vitalize the surroundings that will have healing properties. 

NEW ROOTS

Holbæks Green Arena is a vision for the health facilities in Holbæk Municipality. 

RED GATE

Tredje Natur has designed two pedestrian bridges to Vestvolden. 

City Center Cloudburst strategy

TREDJE NATUR has created a vision for stormwater management in Copenhagen's city center

BBA

Tredje Natur wishes to recreate the Frederiksberg-esque atmosphere by transforming the BBA property to a contemporary town common

Common square and apartment block

Straume's city planning has a unique possibility to start off on the right foot. 

From school to common ground

The Green Climate Neighborhood of Bagsværd's prepares the city for increased rainfall, while adding new recreational opportunities.

Bright blue visions

Tredje Natur and PK3 think Copenhagen’s Harbor should be a lively, accessible, productive and recreational area in the city.

Urban Ravine

Sverre Fehn of Kongberg had the philosophy that only through manifestation of the contemporary can we get the past on the table. This was the motivation behind the proposal. 

City In Nature

‘City in Nature’ is TREDJE NATUR’s proposal for the design of the residential buildings and other buildings of the planning competition ‘City in between’ in Aalborg East.

Cultural Center at Østerbro

The Culture Center’s placement at Kildevældsparken activates the space between park and building

THE FIRST CLIMATE DISTRICT

The climate district in Østerbro shows the climate adaption of the future and the development of the existing city. 

ILB Potsdam

The vision is a bank that can generously contribute to its surroundings with a new type of urban park. The team’s proposal for the ILB Potsdam’s new headquarters will fuse with urban life, terrain, and nature. 

Reservoir

The city is flooding!  Three cloudbursts in 2011 caused approximately 5 billion kroner worth of damage to the buildings of Denmark. The climate is changing rapidly.

Urban Space

The city is becoming over grown!  The St. Kjelds Neighborhood has wide open spaces and has impressed the world with its homogeneity, spacious streets with long views and small village-like. 

Bruns Herred

The planting strategy for Humlebæk South aims to fuse several methods from the danish tradition of  building in harmony with the landscape. 

St. Kjelds Neighborhood

St. Kjelds Neighborhood has a unique possibility to avoid the type of development where inspiration is drawn from the celebrated neighborhoods, rather than looking inward to its own qualities.