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ENGHAVEPARKEN NOW

Vandhaven på en sommeraften

THIRD NATURE won the climate and transformation competition for Enghaveparken! See how we have made space for 26.000 m³ stormwater management infrastructure in the park, that is in the process of becoming a preserved park. We have turned the water challenges into a large variety of new recreational, relaxation and sensory opportunities. Enghaveparken will continue to be a unique space with its own poetic, lush fairytale-like atmosphere. There is a new multifunctional levee and a sunken activity space, that is also able to hold stormwater. Vesterbros precious green space will soon be ready to take on the next 100 years- long live Enghaveparken!

Project information
Responsible partner:  Flemming Rafn Thomsen
Design Team:  Christian Kuczynski, Anna Sissela Michalsdotter, Sofie Mandrup Andreassen, Max Moriyama, Manabu Yamaya, Liane Filtenborg Laustsen
Location: Vesterbro, Copenhagen
Client: Copenhagen municipality, HOFOR, Area renewal Central Vesterbro
Team: COWI and OAN v. Ellen O’Gara
Consultant: Architecture historian ph. d. Martin Søberg
Site: 35.000 m²
Cloudburst capacity: 24.000 m³
Project period: 2014 –
Responsibility: Landscape and master plan
Type: Prequalified competition. Read more (In Danish)
Status: 1. Prize . Under development
GREEN SPACE
For the past 85 years, Enghaveparken has been an important green space in the neighborhood. It was a green space for the working class on the stone bridge, a part of the social experiment that is Vesterbro, where the socially challenged clash with the hipster generation and families that want to be urban farmers. Enghaveparken was established in 1928 in the ‘dark and poor’ Vesterbro as a strict neoclassical park with a reflecting pool, geometrical axes, a playground and a stage. Older residents of Vesterbro remember the ‘nicest girl of the summer’ competitions. In the 1990’s, the park lost its central role in the neighborhood because of the municipal neighborhood renewal project and their concentration on the greening of closed courtyards. We therefore ask the question: What kind of public green space does


Vesterbo need today? There are record numbers of people moving to Copenhagen, and cloudbursts caused by climate change create a new consciousness, conditions, and limitations for wellbeing and growth. How can Enghaveparken create the framework for modern-day, fluid communities and still be the answer to climate challenges? How can the park contain a create diversity of interests, by still insist on being a common space, that can create new communities despite great differences? We have a simple recipe: Keep and enforce the framework and increase the amount and quality of the experiences to create a greater variety of experiences for recreation and interaction.

Judge comments:
This proposal is a convincing example of how the existing structure can be shown in a simple way and be developed to a framework which lends itself to many experiential and recreational possibilities. With its pragmatic approach the park is both recognizable and has been given an aesthetic and functional upgrade, while managing the 26.000 cubic meters of stormwater required by the stormwater management plan. The stormwater management plan opens for new uses for rainwater as a recreational element.

 

 

NOW CLASSICISM
New Classicism is a robust architectural style. Its clear structure makes space for contrasts, that frame and emphasize the details and movement in the simple and understandable geometry. The grid structure is easily programmed with a large variation and without hierarchy. The American art historian, Rosalind E. Krauss has observed that in Agnes Martin’s paintings the grid system breaks down when looking at the painting from far away. She describes this mid stage as a cloud- there is something fleeting in the paintings, a here and now. With this in our consciousness, we will use this to create a balance between the timeless, neoclassical form and the spontaneous social use and irregular weather conditions.We will create Enghaveparken as a park that is founded in the timeless, geometric order, but also reflects the newest information about our well being and stormwater management.

ACTIVATING THE SENSES
Tom Kristensen described Vesterbro in 1930 as a natural phenomenon: “The sun makes the windows unzip like water drops. The facades at Enghaveplads are airy and as far away mountains. Further away, around Enghaveparken, the facades melt into a flickering fog.” The meeting between nature’s fleeting effects and the permanent structures, otherwise present in the streetscape, in the squareness of the windows and order of the facade, is something we also see in Enghaveparken. This intersection between nature and the strict urban structure will be strengthened and will invite the users of the park to reflection by enforcing nature rainwater and the many circuits that run the city. Sensing the city has always has always had a special meaning for Vesterbro. The neighborhood has been a meeting spot for the butchers before the city fortifications were taken down. Later on, it has housed the weary workers, and entertainment for any heart’s desire. Vesterbro is not affected by this. The contrasting elements, complement one another: cocktails and kebab, students and alcoholics. Bohemians and families.

“You”, shouted Steffensen, when Jastrau came out of the store. “Istedgade is a nice street.” “Why?”. “Because its long”. Jastrau was about to laugh, but then he saw Steffensens, far off stare. He had to look down the long street too, and it was infinite. The sun shone in the open windows and far away at Enghaveplads the grey and yellow facades become light at mountains, until they disappeared into the flickering fog. -Hærværk, translated from Danish, by Tom Kristensen, 1930

ENTRANCE

24.000 M³
To make space for 26.000 m³ of water in a park, which is under historic preservation consideration, initially may seem as opposing tasks. The teams does not wish to give the park an ‘extreme makeover’, nor be crippled by the historic considerations. We aim to use the natural, passive and robust techniques to visibly manage stormwater. Our main hydraulic concept uses the 1 meter terrain fall from west to east to create a ‘dustpan’ of 200 by 200 meters that can hold 14.500 m³ of


water. The concept is simple. By leading the water from Lyrsskovgade and Ny Carlsbergvej, the park acts as a retention basin to delay the water. The remaining 11.500 m³ of water is managed in the excavated area inside the park and in a closed underground reservoir. This is carefully done without destroying the existing trees or structures of the park. The result is a multifunctional, visible intervention that has many recreational, relaxation and sensory experiences available.

 

LOW DIKE

CITY LIFE IN RELIEF
Enghaveparkens name reflects a story about a changing connection between city and nature, between the emotional and human thought processes. A meadow, per definition lies outside the city, it is a grassy field. The rural meadow became a large garden, is enclosed by a fence around, and is cultivated. The allotment gardens contributed to the daily food on the table, with small individual plots of land. The garden became a park, to be used by the public and available to all types of people. A place where one can experience a controlled nature. Also, where of art and music can contribute to maintaining cultural development. That which once was a border between the city and rural, is now a center. There is a great need for Enghavepark as a green and social pause from the density of Vesterbro. The park must be an intimate place

and a community space at the same time. Enghaveparken should be like a house that enthusiastically invites its guests in. Where people move from room to room, different in their aesthetics and character. Some of the rooms appeal to olfactory and visual senses with colorful and perfumed flowers. Other rooms appeal to play and urban exercise – or the sense of hearing, with splashing water and singing. We want the ordinary to meet the extraordinary. Neo Classicism clear framework with which to control nature’s volatile tendencies as a part of the patchwork of history and contemporary social and cultural diversity. Enghaveparken should be recognizable, but with a wider spectrum of social interaction possibilities and stormwater management, for biodiversity, to encourage even more nuances of city life.

 

THE ELEMENTS OF THE PROJECT
LEVEE – The primary stormwater management element is the levee along the park’s three lowest sides. The levee is formed as a wall with sitting spaces, pools of water, and interactive water elements such as a bulkhead and small openings, for play. The overall idea is to develop a new type of climate-based bench for Copenhagen, that can be scaled to context and used in many scenarios around the city and beyond.

THE FOYER- The main entrance towards Enghavevej is preserved and the Arne Jacobsen pavilions are integrated into the design. The levee is pulled into the park at this point and creates the edge of a foyer with a cafe and other activities. There are visible, open connections to the the streetscape at Enghave Plads.

THE WATER GARDEN- The central axis will be enforced with more common water elements. We maintain the reflecting pool, that will adapted for stormwater management. Between the reflecting pool and the stage area, there will be a water playground with fountains on the surface. The water will be lead in a triangle and stages the movement of the water.

WATER GUTTERS- Along the primary paths, there will be open gutters, that move the water around in the park and move it to the top to the levees. The gutters will function as a practical water movement system and also enforces the neoclassical structure, when they are not filled with water. The gutters are made of concrete, which will be covered in tiles- an ornamental part of the city’s surface.

100 GARDENS. In the narrow space between the levee and the hedge out to the street, we propose 100 allotment gardens. They are an open invitation to residents, where they may grow vegetables and climate biotopes that create lush areas with urban nature. ‘Anything goes’ and the users of the park are in charge of creating the content.

MULTI PITCH- The pitch has a large hydraulic potential. The floor of the pitch is lowered by 3 meters and the edges are formed for sitting and recreational purposes. The park thereby gets a welcome upgrade of its sports facilities, while making space for large amounts of rainwater and cultural activities. The pitch can be used for floorball, roller hockey, cricket and football in cooperation with the parks organizations. 

PLAYGROUND- The edge of the playground is formed to create a better visual connection to the other spaces in the park and where water is introduced as a recreation element. During ordinary rain events, the gutter is a safe place where children can control the flow with soil and bulkheads.

ROSE GARDEN- The rose garden will be lowered by 0,5 meters and covered in tiles in style of the rest of the park. The raised bed edges create small spaces on the lawn and between the different types of roses. The rose garden includes two trellises that is recreated in 9 meter high grid structure of wood. The new trellis creates an experiential hanging garden and a backdrop for film events, poetry readings and tai-chi. The trellis will be planted with a variety of climbing plants and creepers that make the air smell good.  

LIBRARY GARDEN- The new entrance towards the cultural center will create new users in the perennial garden and strengthen the direct connection between the park and cultural activities. This will be encouraged by urban inventory such as tables, tiles, and chairs for meetings. The inventory will match the existing structure and maintain the lush expression of the perennial beds and trees.

THE DOORMATS- Welcome to Enghaveparken! The special transition to the spaces in the park are emphasized by the stone surface, creating a special texture with a combination of stone, ceramics etc…. The doormats will be created in collaboration with park’s users in mind. The doormats refer to the stone floor on the stage and refresh the park’s architectural history.

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